Five of the nine justices were from the South while another, Robert Grier of Pennsylvaniawas staunchly pro-slavery. But he argued that state citizenship had nothing to do with national citizenship and that African Americans could not sue in federal court because they could not be citizens of the United States.
Still legally a slave, Scott then appealed to the U. Library of Congress, ng.
Dred Scott decision. Among those most vocally upset by the ruling was Abraham Lincoln of Illinois, then a rising star in the newly organized Republican Party.
Alternatively, he could have held that Scott was not entitled to sue Sanford in federal court on the basis of diversity of jurisdiction, because Missouri did not allow even free African Americans to be citizens.
Scott had been born into slavery in The Dred Scott decision was eventually overturned by the 13th Amendment in and the 14th Amendment in Thus Taney continued, holding that Scott had never been free and that Congress had in fact exceeded its authority in the Missouri Compromise because it had no power to forbid or abolish slavery in the territories.
Taney passed away in According to Taney, Dred Scott was the property of his owner, and property could not be taken from a person without due process of law. Grier, and John A.
At the heart of the case was the most important question of the s: Should slavery be allowed in the West?