He leaves on a bizarre mission to South America. Passive and yielding, unsuspicious and fundamentally pure, she suffers a weakness of will and reason, struggling against a fate that is too strong for her. The sexual encounter, then, is more the effect of several factors Tess cannot influence but is a victim of.
Therefore, men are unconsciously determined by such social and moral conventions.
Hamlet became a victim of the uncontrollable greed his uncle possessed. As Hardy equates Hamlet and Tess from the start, we learn that he sees Tess as a virtuous victim and therefore as a tragic heroine. Their fate decided by another person.
An individual is not only determined by biological heredity, though. After a long day of dancing and childcare and a short night, it is natural, indeed, that Tess falls asleep, but it is also preordained by the mentioned factors. Tess may be unable to overcome these apparent difficulties is destroyed by her ravaging self-destructive sense of guilt, life denial and the cruelty of two men.
They speak about a tabula rasa which represents the human mind, which and has to be filled by interaction with the environment.
Throughout his novel, Hardy hints at these factors and presents Tess as the victim of forces beyond her control. This idea about women seriously determined their fate: If a woman did not meet the expectations but indulged her drives, she was a fallen woman, condemned and doomed Lee.
I will critically comment and analyse throughout in order to bring about an effective thesis statement — Is Tess Durbeyville a victim, not of free will or fate - but by the hands of God? But he is not prepared to accept the reality of her past.