Reference for research papers

But, wait a minute…, this reference referred to Van der Geer instead of Van de Geer.

How to write reference in research paper

Writing — Research Guides When it comes to writing a learning how to do a research paper, there are no quick fixes, or fill-in-the-blank templates that will allow you to complete your paper without investing a little time and effort. To cut a long story short, the article appeared to be completely made up and did not in fact exist. Details of Formatting Reference Lists Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more! As indicated above, the origin of the phantom reference is the reference style section of the author guidelines produced by Elsevier journals. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. What is slightly puzzling is that approximately forty of the papers citing the phantom reference were included in very established journals. Table of contents. The system of in-text references that you use will determine the order of references at the end of your document.

If your source of information is from written correspondence a letter or e-mailyou would substitute the word "written" for the word "personal" above, and you would add the date of the letter if dated. Ramstrom et al. For example, if a reference by Smith is the first one mentioned in the text, then the complete reference to the Smith work will be number 1 in the end references.

research references examples

The two systems are identical except for the order of references. For books with more than 1 author, names are separated by a comma.

Reference for research papers

In order to get a feel for the quality of these conferences I looked at a range of papers in the Social Sciences — the only field I am sufficiently familiar with — and clearly not all of them are of the level that would normally be expected at conferences in this field. Am J Vet Res. It will help add genuine value to your paper. See Full Citation. Notes can include information of interest to the reader, such as language of publication other than English; such notes are optional. These end references have essentially the same format in all three systems, except for the placement of the date of publication in the name—year system. Multivolume work as a whole Alkire LG, editor. For example, if a work by Zielinski is number 56 in the reference list, each in-text reference to Zielinski will be number 56 also. Comparing the effects of website quality on customer initial purchase and continued purchase at e-commerce websites. Here are two APA format citation examples: Harlem had many artists and musicians in the late s Belafonte, Two or more authors: Ingmanson, D. A book reference is structured one way, an APA journal is structured a different way, a newspaper article is another way. Feeling Stuck on Your Essay? Name—Year The following examples illustrate the name—year system.

Title of source. Date of publication [date updated; date accessed];volume issue :location. Step 2: What are the characteristics of papers citing the phantom reference?

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How to Cite Sources (with Sample Citations)